Strain Selection and Potency
Compassion centers usually stock up to 20 strains of cannabis. The efficacy of cannabis is directly related to strain selection and cannabinoid profiles. Care should be taken in selecting appropriate strains to meet specific needs. By using a high potency cannabis, the dosage required to obtain needed effects is automatically reduced. Also, side-effects and related monetary costs are also lessened.
If you find yourself developing a tolerance (needing to smoke greater quantities to achieve the desired effect), reduce or stop intake for a time. Changing the variety of cannabis normally used will also help you to return to a minimized, effective dose.
Indica and Sativa
There are two main families of cannabis: Indica and Sativa. It is from these two families that the hundreds of different cannabis strains originate. Some strains are pure Indicas, some are pure Sativas, and others are hybrids of the two. Each strain of cannabis contains a different ratio of cannabinoids (called a cannabinoid profile), giving each a unique therapeutic effect.
shorter, stockier plant reaching heights of 1-2 metres
wide, deeply serrated leaves
dense flower clusters (tight buds)
Benefits: (lower THC, higher CBN/CBD)
relieves spasms, reduces seizures
reduces anxiety and stress
relieves headaches and migraines
reduces intra-occular pressure
bronchio-dilator and expectorant
taller, lankier, potentially reaching heights of over 5 metres
narrow serrated leaves
loose flower clusters
Benefits (high THC, low CBN/CBD)
stimulates the appetite
positive, uplifting, cerebral effect
energizes and stimulates
relieves headaches and migraines
relaxes muscles, relieves pain
acts as an expectorant
Crosses and Hybrids
Hybridized strains are created through selective cross-pollination of different cannabis varieties. In crossed varieties, the characteristics and effects of one strain will usually be dominant. An Indica-dominant cross will be effective for pain relief, with the Sativa component helping with energy and activity levels. A Sativa-dominant cross will be helpful in stimulating the appetite, with the Indica component increasing muscle relaxation. All strains of cannabis will increase appetite and reduce nausea, though it is reported that crosses are most effective.
THC is the most abundant cannabinoid and it is the principal psychoactive agent in cannabis. THC has analgesic, anti-spasmodic, anti-epileptic, anti-tremor, anti-inflammatory, appetite stimulant, euphoric, hypotensive, anti-depressant, bronchiodilating and anti-emetic properties. However, THC may cause anxiety. A cannabis with a strong therapeutic effect will have a THC content anywhere between 8% and 18.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is another main cannabinoid. CBD mitigates the psychoactive effects of THC, it also has anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsant, anti-psychotic, anti-oxidant, neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects. CBD does not cause a "high" and its presence may reduce some of the potentially unwanted side effects of THC.
Cannabinol (CBN) is a mildly psychoactive degradation of THC. Its primary effects are as an anti-epileptic, and to lower intra-ocular pressure.
Cannabichromene (CBC) promotes the analgesic effects of THC and acts as a sedative.
Cannabigerol (CBG) has sedative effects and anti-microbial properties as well as lowering intra-ocular pressure. CBG is the biogenetic precursor of all other cannabinoids.
Modes of Ingestion
There are several different ways to use the cannabis plant in order to attain its therapeutic benefits. Each of them may be more effective for certain symptoms, and certain circumstances, and each can be done in a manner that promotes its safety and efficacy.
Smoking is the easiest way to find the appropriate dosage, since the effects are usually felt within 30-60 seconds, and develop fully within 5-15 minutes. The effects may last from 30 minutes to 5 hours.It is ideal to smoke as little as possible in order to reduce respiratory irritation. We recommend you take 1-2 puffs and wait 15 minutes in order to find the right dosage. Increase dosage as necessary.
Generally, vaporizers that pass hot air through the herb material and collect the vapour in a receptacle are most effective.
Bakes goods and other
Cannabis may cause a slight reduction in blood pressure when rising rapidly to one's feet, one may feel mildly dizzy.
The initial rise of blood pressure and/or heart rate may be problematic for people suffering from heart conditions or anxiety .
Coodination, cognitive processes, as well as short-term memory may be affected when using cannabis.
If any, withdrawal symptoms are mild when reducing or ceasing cannabis use. In some cases, patients may feel irritable, have slight nausea and energy loss in the first days without taking the medicine.
Effects vary depending on the indivudual.
Safety and Harm Reduction
Cannabis may hinder your ability to operate vehicles or machinery. Cannabis should not be taken with alcohol, for effects amy be amplified and lead to nausea.People taking Digitalis or any other medication treating heart conditions should consult their doctor before using cannabis. Finding the proper strain should be done by testing small quantities at first, not matter the tolerance level, and noting the effects. This applies to all methods of comsumption. Edibles should be taken one bite at a time, at hour intervals in order to find the appropriate dosage. If the effects of the cannabis are overwhelming, just remind yourself that cannabis is non-toxic and that no one has ever died from cannabis. So have a glass of juice, and try to relax in a confortable sofa or bed, the effects will soon dissipate...
Cannabis grown with high-quality nutrients, organic or other, will help avoid potential toxicity, especially important for people with weakened immune systems. ayant un système immunitaire affaibli.
NEVER smoke wet cannabis. The stems must crack when bent. Always buy well-grown, well-cured, mold free marijuana.
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